Hi, I’m Paul.
Many people aren’t aware that all of the proceeds from life insurance policies that they own at death will be included their estate for estate tax purposes. This is because if the policy owner can withdraw the cash value and change the beneficiary, then the policy owner will be deemed to have incidents of ownership over the proceeds and the IRS can then tax the proceeds at death.
If you have questions about the estate process, I’m here to help. There is no commitment and we provide free initial 15-minute phone calls. We look forward to meeting you.
Intro: Removing Life Insurance Proceeds From Your Taxable Estate
Under the Bush tax cuts, as extended by Obama, no federal estate tax is assessed upon the first $5.12 million of an individual’s taxable estate. On January 1, 2013, federal estate tax exemption amounts will drop to $1 million per person. As such, it is about to be much easier for a person’s assets to exceed $1 million once life insurance is included. While many of us in the estate planning and financial planning world expect that the federal estate tax threshold will soon be raised to $3.5 million per person, there is still a window of time in which anything after the first $1 million will of an estate will be taxed at 55%.
Let me repeat that: While the federal estate tax exemption was set at $5,000,000 and the estate tax rate was set at 35% for the 2010 and 2011 tax years, and the exemption increased to $5,120,000 for 2012, on January 1, 2013, the exemption and rate are scheduled to revert back to the numbers that were in effect in 2001/2002 – meaning a $1,000,000 estate tax exemption and 55% estate tax rate.
Without proper planning, this could mean a big tax bill before insurance proceeds could be used for the needs of your spouse or partner, children, and other beneficiaries. If you want to avoid life insurance proceeds, consult with an experienced attorney to help you navigate through this situation.
How an Irrevocable Life Insurance Trust Works
People buy insurance policies because of life insurance death benefits. The insurance company provides the solution they seek for their loved ones while they are gone. However, the cash value of life insurance payouts gets subject to taxable income. The heirs of the insured person would have to pay income tax, inheritance tax, and federal estate taxes.
This situation is not ideal and even good for your loved ones. All of your hard-earned money is subjected to taxes and is of no use to your family.
One way to avoid the taxing of life insurance proceeds at death is to establish an Irrevocable Life Insurance Trust or ILIT (pronounced “eyelet”) for short. An ILIT is a type of irrevocable trust that is specifically designed to hold and own life insurance policies. Once the ILIT has been set up, you will transfer ownership of your life insurance policies to the Trustee of the ILIT. While you can’t be a Trustee of the ILIT – otherwise, you’ll be deemed to have incidents of ownership in the life insurance – your spouse and/or children can be Trustees.
Once you’ve transferred ownership of the life insurance policy to the Trustee of the ILIT, you will have given up all of your incidents of ownership over the policies. Since you’ll no longer own the policies, the proceeds can’t be taxed in your estate when you die. This means that your heirs would be income tax-free and estate tax-free. All of your life insurance premiums would not be subjected to estate taxes.
In that case, your loved ones would be able to get help from your hard-earned money to live their life in a good way when you are not around to take care of them.
Who Are the Beneficiaries of an ILIT?
The ILIT will also be designated as the primary beneficiary of your life insurance policies. Thus, after you die, the insurance proceeds or life insurance payout will be deposited into the ILIT as cash value and held in trust for the benefit of your spouse during his or her remaining lifetime, and then the balance will pass to your children or other beneficiaries. They won’t have to pay taxes. Aside from this, the ILIT can provide your family with a quick source of cash to pay your estate tax bill while at the same time not increasing your overall estate tax burden.
Another benefit of the ILIT is that since the insurance proceeds will be held in trust for the benefit of your spouse instead of going directly to your spouse, the proceeds can’t be taxed in your spouse’s estate either. If desired, you can take the ILIT one step further and set it up as a Dynasty Trust or Generation Skipping Trust for the benefit of your children and future generations.
The DeKalb County Probate Court can be confusing without the assistance of an experienced attorney, take advantage of a free initial 15-minute phone call with a probate attorney in Atlanta who has vast experience with the Court.